Of Surcharges and Supervision: German Renewable Energy Act Is State Aid


Abstract: Germany's former law on renewable energy constitutes State aid illegal under EU law. The General Court dismissed Germany’s action for annulment of a Commission Decision, finding that a renewable energy surcharge payable by electricity consumers for the benefit of those electricity producers using renewable sources effectively equalled the...

The Company You Keep: The Court of Justice Confirms Sanctions Against Persons Associated with Zimbabwe Regime


Keywords: restrictive measures – CFSP – Art. 29 TEU – listing criteria – persons associated with the regime – Zimbabwe.

On 28 July 2016, the European Court of Justice confirmed the legality of restrictive measures taken by the European Union against the former Attorney General of Zimbabwe and further 120...


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