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DHL Express (Italy) v. Commission: Getting It Right Beats Being First

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Keywords: leniency – immunity – summary application – reduction of fine – first applicant – principle of autonomy of leniency programmes.
 

On 20 January 2016, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of Art. 101 TFEU, Art. 4, para. 3, TEU and Art. 11...

A New Settlement for the United Kingdom in the European Union: A New Challenge to EU Citizens’ Social Benefits and Freedom of Movement?

Insight

Abstract: On 18 and 19 February 2016, the Heads of State or Government of the 28 Member States of the European Union met within the European Council in Brussels and agreed on a New Settlement of the United Kingdom within the EU. This Insight only focuses on social benefits and freedom of movement. It provides an account of the modifications...

Early Notes on the 9 December 2015 European Commission’s Proposals on Certain Aspects Concerning Contracts for the Online and Other Distance Sales of Goods; and on Certain Aspects Concerning Contracts for the Supply of Digital Content

Insight

Abstract: In the context of a determined commitment with the EU consumer protection law, on last 9 December 2015, the Commission has issued a proposal on certain aspects concerning contracts for the online and other distance sales of goods and a proposal on certain aspects concerning contracts for the supply of digital content. Both instruments are...

Conclusiones de la Abogado General Kokott en los asuntos contra la Directiva de los productos del tabaco: ¿Un paso al frente hacia una verdadera política de salud de la Unión Europea?

Insight

Abstract: On 23 December 2015, Advocate General Kokott delivered her Opinion in three cases challenging the validity of Directive 2014/40/EU. Although the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) had already ruled on the legal basis to adopt the former Tobacco Products Directive, new questions arose with the adoption of this new piece of...

Equal Treatment in the Field of Social Security: Can Economically Inactive Citizens Be Required to Be Lawfully Resident in the Host Member State to Access Certain Social Security Benefits?

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Keywords: social security – benefits – lawful residence – economically inactive – citizens – equal treatment.
 

This infringement action was brought by the Commission against the UK for requiring non-UK Union citizens who are economically inactive to lawfully reside in the UK to access certain social...

Public Procurement, Social Policy and Minimum Wage Regulation for Posted Workers: Towards a More Balanced Socio-Economic Integration Process?

Insight

Abstract: Income inequality increased significantly over the past decades. The liberalization and outsourcing of public services, in conjunction with increased pressure on public budgets, has played a considerable role in this development: in procuring services they previously had provided themselves, public authorities fostered price competition...

Lo status del cittadino dell’Unione in cerca di occupazione: un limbo normativo?

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Abstract: In Alimanovic (case C-67/14, 15 September 2015) the CJEU ruled that Member States nationals who are job seekers and resident in another MS can be excluded from the entitlement to certain benefits constituting social assistance within the terms of EU law, which are granted to nationals in the same position. The author argues that...

Free Movement of Workers and Old-age Benefits: The Court of Justice of the European Union’s Standpoint in Commission v. Cyprus (C-515/14)

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Keywords: movement – workers – pensions – age – civil servants.
 

In its recent judgment Commission v. Cyprus,[1] the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) stated that a domestic norm, which prevents Cypriot civil servants under the age of 45 to fully benefit from the...

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