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The Dublin III System: More Derogations to the Duty to Transfer Individual Asylum Seekers?

Insight

Abstract: In the C.K. et al. v. Republika Slovenija ruling (judgment of 16 February 2017, case C-578/16 PPU), the Court of Justice ruled that the transfer of the asylum seeker should be suspended if the particular medical condition of the applicant is so serious as to provide substantial grounds for believing that the transfer would result...

La sentenza X. e X. della Corte di giustizia sul rilascio del visto umanitario: analisi critica di un’occasione persa

Insight

Abstract: This Insight deals with the decision of the Court of Justice, X and X v. État belge (judgment of 7 March 2017, case C-638/16 PPU [GC]), concerning the interpretation of Art. 25 of Regulation (EC) 810/2009 (the Visa Code). The Court found that the facts of the case fall outside the scope of the Visa Code and of the EU law...

The EU-Turkey Statement, the Treaty-Making Process and Competent Organs. Is the Statement an International Agreement?

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Abstract: The EU-Turkey Statement has undergone multiple analyses regarding issues of human rights and refugee law. One of the most controversial matters among scholars is its nature as an international agreement. This insight will analyse the legal nature of this statement, on the basis of the international law of treaties, the law of international...

Denialism as the Supreme Expression of Realism – A Quick Comment on NF v. European Council

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Abstract: By Order of 28 February 2017 in case T-192/16, NF v. European Council, the General Court dismissed as inadmissible an action for annulment brought against the s.c. EU-Turkey deal concluded on 18 March 2016. In the view of the General Court, independently of its binding nature, the deal is to be attributed to the Member States and...

Du vin vieux dans de nouvelles outres? Réflexions sur la proposition de règlement “Dublin IV”

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Abstract: The forced migration upsurge in 2015 prompted the recast of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), intended to bring “more Europe” into the integrated management of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. This achievement is deemed to be fundamental by EU institutions, in order to cope with emerging centrifugal forces and to ensure...

EU-Turkey Deal: Violation of, or Consistency with, International Law?

Insight

Abstract: This article examines whether the European Union-Turkey deal violates or adheres to international law. In particular, the article examines Turkey as a “safe third country” and seeing whether Turkey complies with the principle of non-refoulement. The article argues that the EU-Turkey deal violates international law in a number of...

The EU-Turkey Agreement: A Controversial Attempt at Patching up a Major Problem

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Abstract: On 18 March 2016 the European Union and Turkey reached an agreement aimed at solving the issue of the high numbers of migrants crossing the Mediterranean Sea from Turkey to Greece. This agreement intended to close the people-smuggling routes and reduce the number of migrants entering the EU. It focused principally on the following issues:...

Integration Through Residence Conditions? The Beneficiaries of Subsidiary Protection Confronted with the Janus-faced National Integration Policies

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Keywords: integration - third country nationals - subsidiary protection - residence condition - conditionality - EU general principles.
 

Under the terms of Art. 79, para. 4 TFEU, integration of third country nationals legally residing in a Member State should fall under the category of complementary competences...

The Regulation on the Provision of Emergency Support Within the Union: Humanitarian Assistance and Financial Solidarity in the Refugee Crisis

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Abstract: Regulation 2016/369 establishes an emergency support mechanism for the provision of humanitarian aid in response to natural or man-made disasters giving rise to severe wide-ranging humanitarian consequences within the European Union. Although its scope of application is much broader, the Regulation has been adopted as an emergency...

La ‘tragedia’ delle frontiere europee

Insight

Abstract: International press titled: “Schengen, one of the pillars of the EU, is dead”. The European Commission establish a roadmap to “come back to Schengen”. Between national concerns about the arrival of thousands of migrants, and national fear of being left alone in managing the crisis, this Insight aims to provide an analysis of the crisis and...

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